Vocabulary List

A

Pinyin

In

Type

Meaning

Chinese

Character

à

L4

Particle

Interjection particle showing surprise

啊 HSK3

ǎi

L5

Adjectival Verb

be short in height

矮HSK3

ài

L8

Verb

to love

爱 HSK1

B

Pinyin

In

Type

Meaning

Chinese

Character

ba

L7

Particle

an end particle that indicates that a speaker is making an assumption

吧HSK2

L4

Number

eight

八HSK1

bà.ba

L4

Noun

father

爸爸 HSK1

bǎi

L5

Number

hundred

百HSK2

báisè

L8

Noun

white Colour

白色HSK2

for 白 and色

bān

L4

Noun

class

班HSK3

bàn

L6

Quantity

half

半HSK3

bāng 

L7

Verb

to help

帮HSK2

bēi

L6

Classifier

Means cup. Classifier for certain containers of liquids like glass, cup

杯HSK1

Běijīng

L5

Noun

Capital of China [north-capital]

北京HSK1

Běijīngrén

L5

Noun

Běijīng residents

北京HSK1  

人HSK1  

běn

L4

Classifier

classifier for bound print like book, magazine etc.

本HSK1

L3

Noun

pen

笔HSK2

bù kè.qi

L5

Expression

you are welcome (no-guest-energy)

不客气HSK1

bù- , bú-,  bu

 

L3

Negation

negating verbs and adjectival verbs. See GN1 of L3 for details.

不HSK1

bùbì

 

L6

Negation

no need (negation of děi)

不必

C

Pinyin

In

Type

Meaning

Chinese

Character

~cān

L4

Suffix

meal 

~餐

-cì

L7

Suffix

Number-cì i.e.Number of times cì

次HSK2

cài

L8

Noun

type of food/cuisine

菜HSK1

cānguǎn

L8

Noun

restaurant [meal-shop]

餐馆

chā

L8

Verb

to differ

差HSK3

chá

L8

Noun

tea

茶HSK1

chǎng

L8

Classifier

Classifier for sporting or recreational activities like football match, movie, concert etc. Its meaning is large place used for a specific purpose like “football field” zúqiú chǎng.

场HSK4

Chángchéng

L5

Noun

Great Wall of China [long-wall]

长城HSK4

chē

L5

Noun

vehicle or car (context-sensitive)

chéngsè

L8

Noun

Orange Colour

橙色

chī

L4

Verb

to eat

吃HSK1

Chūntiān

L7

Noun

Spring [Spring-Day]

春天

(春 HSK3)

Chūnxià- qiūdōng

L7

Noun

The four seasons

春夏秋冬

(each HSK3)

D

Pinyin

In

Type

Meaning

Chinese

Character

L4

Adjectival

Verb

be big

大HSK1

dàngāo

L6

Noun

cake (egg-cake)

蛋糕HSK3

dào

L8

Verb

to arrive

到 (HSK2)

de

L3

Particle

Possessive as in my/mine (wǒ de)

的HSK1

de shíhòu

L8

Time Expression

during the action/event

…的时候

时候(HSK1)

 

de yǐhòu

L8

Time Expression

after the action/event

…的以后

de yǐqián

L8

Time Expression

before the action/event

…的以前

的(HSK1)

以前(HSK3)

děi

L6

Adverb

must

得HSK2

dì-

L7

Prefix

dì-Number indicates numerical order

第-

(第一 HSK2)

diǎn

L8

Time Expression

means dot, in time expression it refers to hour

点 (HSK1)

diànshì

L4

Noun

television

电视HSK1

diànyǐng

L4

Noun

movie

电影HSK1

dì.di

L4

Noun

younger brother

弟弟HSK2

dōng.xi

L6

Noun

thing/stuff

 

东西HSK1

 

Dōngtiān

L7

Noun

Winter [Winter-Day]

冬天

(冬 HSK3)

dōu

L5

Adverb

in all cases/both

都HSK1

duì

L6

Adjectival

Verb

be correct

 

对HSK2

duì.le

L4

Expression

oh, by the way [right-completed particle le]

对了

duìbuqǐ

L7

Expression

I’m sorry [facing-not-rising]

对不起HSK1

duō

L6

Adjectival

Verb

be many

多HSK1

duō jiǔ?

 

L7

Expression

how long?

多久

duō.shao

L4

Quantity

how many/how much [many-few]

多少HSK1

E

Pinyin

In

Type

Meaning

Chinese

Character

èr 

L4

Number

two (without classifier involved)

二HSK1

ér.zi

L5

Noun

son [son-child]

儿子HSK1

F

Pinyin

In

Type

Meaning

Chinese

Character

Fǎguó

L6

Noun

France (law-country)

法国

fēn

 

 

fēn zhōng

 

L6

 

 

L8

Classifier

 

 

Time Expression

classifier for Chinese penny

 

 

minute

分 HSK3

 

 

分钟 HSK1

fúwùyuán

L6

Noun

a person that serves [serve fúwù-employee yuán]

服务员HSK2

G

Pinyin

In

Type

Meaning

Chinese

Character

gāo

L3

Noun

be tall

高HSK2

gāoxìng

L3

Adjectival Verb

be happy [high-spirit]

高兴HSK1

L4

Classifier

general classifier

个HSK1

gē.ge

L4

Noun

older brother

哥哥HSK2

gěi

L5

Verb

to give

给HSK2

gōngzuò

L8

Verb

to work [work-work]. It is also a noun.

工作HSK1

guì

L3

Adjectival Verb

be expensive

贵HSK2

~guó

L4

Suffix

country, a common suffix for country names such as Měiguó (US).

Country as a word is known as guójiā [country-home]

guò    

L8

Verb

to pass time [literally to cross]

过HSK3

H

Pinyin

In

Type

Meaning

Chinese Character

hái.shì

L5

Conjunction

or

还是HSK3

hái.zi

L5

Noun

child [child-child]

孩子HSK2

hǎo

L3

Adjectival Verb

be good

好HSK1

hǎo.de

L5

Expression

Ok with me [good – de particle]

好的

hǎochī

L4

Expression

delicious [good-eat]

好吃HSK1

hào

L7

Time

Expression

day of the month

号HSK1

hàomǎ

L5

Noun

number [number-number]

号码HSK4

hǎoxiàng

L5

Expression

seems like [good-resemble]

好像HSK4

L6

Verb

to drink

喝HSK1

L4

Conjunction

and (used between nouns)

和HSK1

hēisè

L8

Noun

Black Colour

黑色

(黑HSK2)

hěn

L3

Adverb

very

很HSK1)

hóngsè

L8

Noun

Red Colour

红色

(红HSK2)

hòunián

L7

Time

Expression

the year after next year [back-year]

后年

hòutiān

L7

Time

Expression

the day after tomorrow

后天

huài

L8

Verb

to break down

坏HSK3

huángsè

L8

Noun

Yellow Colour

黄色

huí

L7

Verb

to return (to a location)

回HSK1

huì

L5

 

L6

Modal Verb

 

Modal Verb

can (learned ability)

 

will  

会HSK1

 

J

Pinyin

In

Type

Meaning

Chinese Character

L5

Time Expression

how many, usually involving a small no. not greater than ten or time

几HSK1

jǐ diǎn le?

L8

 

what is the time (on your timepiece)? [how many-dots-now]

 

jǐ shí

L7

Time Expression

when [what-time]

几时?

jiā

L4

 

L8

 

Noun

 

Classifier

 

 

family, home

 

classifier for family or enterprises like restaurants, retail shops etc.

家HSK1

jiàn

L6

Verb

to see someone, same jiàn as in zàijiàn [goodbye]

jiǎo

L6

Noun

Chinese dime (formal expression)

角HSK3

jiào

L4

Verb

to be called

叫HSK1

jiè

L6

Verb

to borrow/lend

借HSK3

jiéhūn

L8

Verb

to marry [to tie-wedding]

结婚HSK3

jiě.jie

L4

Noun

older sister

姐姐HSK2

jīnnián

L7

Time Expression

this year

今年

jīntiān

L5

Time

Expression

today [present-day]

今天HSK1

jiǔ

L4

Number

nine

九HSK1

jiǔ

L6

Noun

wine/liquor

jiù

L8

Adverb

… then (used to indicate an event has happened after a prior event)

就HSK2

K

Pinyin

In

Type

Meaning

Chinese Character

kāfēi

L6

Noun

coffee

咖啡HSK2

kāfēiguǎn

L7

Noun

café (coffee-shop)

咖啡馆

kāichē

L5

Expression

driving [literally “turn on”-”car”]

开车

开(HSK1)

kāishǐ

L8

Verb

to start/begin [start-start]

开始HSK2

kàn

L4

Verb

to watch, see, read

看HSK1

kànjiàn

L6

Verb

to discern person/objects visually

看见HSK1

L8

Time Expression

15-minute interval

刻HSK3

kěnéng

 

L5

Modal Verb

possibly

可能HSK2

kèrén

L8

Noun

guest [guest-person]

客人HSK3

kěyǐ

L5

Modal Verb

can (permission)

可以HSK2

kòng

L7

Noun

free-time

空HSK4

kǒu

L4

Classifier

means mouth, classifier for person (mainly)

口HSK3

kuài

L6

Classifier

Classifier for Chinese dollar

块HSK1

kuài

L8

Adjectival Verb

be fast

快HSK2

L

Pinyin

In

Type

Meaning

Chinese Character

L5

Adjectival Verb

be spicy

辣HSK4

lái

L7

Verb

to come

来HSK1

lāmiàn

L8

Noun

ramen [pull-noodle]

拉面

拉(HSK4)

lánsè

L8

Noun

Blue Colour

蓝色

蓝(HSK3)

lǎoshī

L5

Noun

teacher [old-teacher]

老师HSK1

le

L6

 

 

L8

 

Particle

 

 

verb + le

(Expression)

 

End particle indicating change in situation

 

le is used as a completion marker here to indicate a past action or event. E.g. Wǒ mǎi le yī běn shū means I bought a book.

 

了HSK1

liǎng

L4

Number

two

两HSK2

liàng

L5

Classifier

Classifier for car/vehicle

辆HSK3

lǐbài

L7

Time

Expression

week

礼拜HSK4

líng

L5

Number

zero

零HSK2

liù

L4

Number

six

六HSK1

lǐwù

L8

Noun

present/gift [gift-object]

礼物HSK3

lǜsè

L8

Noun

Green Colour

绿色

绿(HSK3)

M

Pinyin

In

Type

Meaning

Chinese Character

ma

L3

Particle

End particle at the end of the sentence to transform it to a question

吗HSK1

mā.ma

L4

Noun

mother

妈妈 HSK1

mǎi

L3

Verb

to buy

买HSK1

mài

L6

Verb

to sell (take note mǎi {to buy} is third tone)

卖HSK2

máng

L4

Adjectival Verb

be busy

忙HSK2

máo

L6

Classifier

Classifier for Chinese dime

毛HSK4

měi

L6

Quantity

each or every

每HSK2

méi wèntí

L7

Expression

No problem/question [no méi  –no problem/question wèntí]

没问题

问题(HSK2)

méi[.yǒu]

L5

Negation

not have; have not

没[有]

没有(HSK1)

Měiguó

L3

Noun

USA [beautiful-country]

美国

Měiguó -ren

L3

Noun

American [USA-person]

美国人

mèi.mei

L4

Noun

younger sister

妹妹HSK2

miǎo

L8

Time Expression

second

秒HSK4

míngnián

L7

Time

Expression

next year

明年

míngtiān

L5

Time

Expression

tomorrow [bright-day]

明天HSK1

míng.zi

L3

Noun

name

名字HSK1

N

Pinyin

In

Type

Meaning

Chinese Character

nǎ/něi

 

L4

Question

Word

which

哪HSK1

nǎlǐ

L7

Place Word

where (where-location)

哪里

nǎi.nai

L4

Noun

grandmother (paternal)

奶奶HSK3

nà/èi

 

L4

Demonstrative

Pronoun

that

那HSK1

nà.me

L4

 

L7

Expression

 

Adverb

In that case

 

so

那么

nàlǐ

L5

Place Word

there (that-location)

那里

nà tiān

L7

Time Expression

that day

那天

nánguài

L5

Expression

no wonder

难怪HSK5

ne

L5

Particle

what about …

呢HSK1

néng

L5

Modal Verb

can (physical ability)

availability

能HSK1

Nǐ​

L4

Noun

You

你HSK1

nǐ​ de …

L3

Possession

Your  … or yours (nǐ​ de) at the end of sentence/phrase

你的

Nǐ hǎo

L3

Expression

Hello [you-good]

你好

Nǐ​.men

L3

Pronoun

You plural

你们

nián

L7

Time

Expression

year

年HSK1

Nín​

L3

Pronoun

You (formal)

您HSK2

niúnǎi

L6

Noun

milk [cow-milk]

牛奶HSK2

nǚ-

L8

Prefix

female. Opposite is nán (male).

女 HSK2

nǚ’ér

L5

Noun

daughter [female-child]

女儿HSK1

nǚ.

péng.you

L8

Noun

girlfriend [female-friend]

女朋友

P

Pinyin

In

Type

Meaning

Chinese Character

pǎo

L8

Verb

to run

pǎobù

L7

Noun

to run/jog (run-step)

跑步HSK2

péng.you

L3

Noun

friend

朋友HSK1

piàn

L6

Classifier

Classifier for slices, tablets, tract of land etc.

pián.yi

L4

Adjectival Verb

be cheap

便宜HSK1

piào.liang

 

L8

Adjectival Verb

pretty (for people)/beautiful (for things)

 

漂亮HSK1

píng

L6

Classifier

Means bottle. Classifier for wine and liquid that housed in bottles

瓶HSK1

píngguǒ

L6

Noun

apple [apple-fruit]

苹果HSK1

Q

Pinyin

In

Type

Meaning

Chinese Character

L4

Number

seven

七HSK1

qiān

L5

Number

thousand

千HSK1

qián

L5

Noun

money

钱HSK1

qiánnián

L7

Time

Expression

the year before last year

前年

qiántiān

L7

Time

Expression

the day before yesterday

前天

qìchē

L5

Noun

car  [gas-vehicle]

汽车

qǐng wèn

L4

Expression

may I ask [please-ask]

请问

qìshuǐ

L6

Noun

soft drink [gas-water]

汽水

Qiūtiān

L7

Noun

Autumn [Autumn-Day]

秋天

秋(HSK3)

L5

Verb

to go

去HSK1

qùnián

L7

Time

Expression

last year

去年HSK2

R

Pinyin

In

Type

Meaning

Chinese Character

rén

L3

Noun

person, human being

人 HSK1

rèn.shi

L3

Verb

To get acquainted with someone

认识HSK1

Rìběn

L7

Noun

Japan

日本

S

Pinyin

In

Type

Meaning

Chinese Character

sān

L4

Number

three

三HSK1

shàng (gè) xīngqī

L7

Time

Expression

last week

上(个)星期

shàng gè yuè

L7

Time

Expression

last month

 

上个月

shàngshàng gè xīngqī

L7

Time

Expression

the week before last week

上上个星期

shàngshàng gè yuè

L7

Time

Expression

the month before last month

上上个月

shàngwǔ

L7

Time

Expression

denotes time period of 9 – 11am

上午HSK1

shéi

L4

Question

Word

who

 

谁HSK1

shéi.de

L4

Question

Word

whose

 

谁的

shén.me

L3

Question

Word

what

什么HSK1

shēngrì

L7

Noun

birthday (born-day)

生日HSK2

shí

L4

Number

ten

十HSK1

shì

L3

 

 

L4

Verb

 

 

Expression

to be (is, am, are) for nouns only

 

yes (in replying)

是HSK1

shí yì

L5

Number

1 billion (for info)

十亿

shì.de

L3

Expression

yes, that is right [to be-de]

是的

shí.hou

L8

Time Expression

time (used usually in reference to a time period where discrete point in time is not expected

)

时候HSK1

shíjiān

L8

Time Expression

time (used usually in reference to discrete point in time or clock reference)

时间HSK2

shǒubiǎo

L8

Noun

watch [hand-display]

手表HSK2

shǒujī

L5

Noun

cell phone [hand-machine]

手机HSK2

shū

L3

Noun

book

书HSK1

shuǐguǒ

L4

Noun

fruit [water-fruit]

水果HSK1

shuō

L5

Verb

to speak, say

说HSK1

L4

Number

four

四HSK1

suì

L5

Noun

years of age

岁HSK1

T

Pinyin

In

Type

Meaning

Chinese Character

L3

Pronoun

He, she, it

He  他HSK1

She她HSK1

It

它HSK2

Tā de …

L3

Possession

His, hers, its or mine (wǒ ​ de) at the end of a sentence/phrase

His他的

Hers她的

Its它的

Tā.​men

L3

Pronoun

They (them)

他们 (males only)

她们(females only)

它们 (inanimate objects)

tiáo

L6

Classifier

Classifier for long thin things like fish, ribbon, river, road, trousers etc.

条HSK3

tīng

L8

Verb

to listen

听HSK1

W

Pinyin

In

Type

Meaning

Chinese Character

wàn

L5

Number

ten thousand

万HSK1

wǎncān

L4

Noun

dinner [late-meal]

晚餐

wǎn.shang

L7

Time Expression

denotes time period of sunset – 11pm

晚上HSK2

wéi

 

L8

Expression

hello in Chinese, used for telephone conversation only

喂HSK1

wèi

L5

Classifier

Classifier to mean respect for people like teacher, customer etc.

位HSK3

wèi.zi

L8

Noun

place/seat (seat-end particle zi)

位子

~wén

L5

Suffix

wén means language and as a suffix it means the language of that ethnicity.

L3

Pronoun

I (me)

我HSK1

Wǒ de …

L3

Possession

My  … or mine (wǒ de) at the end of a sentence/phrase

我的

Wǒ​.men

L3

Pronoun

We (us)

我们

L4

Number

five

五HSK1

wǔcān

L4

Noun

lunch [noon-meal]

午餐

X

Pinyin

In

Type

Meaning

Chinese Character

xià (gè) xīngqī

L7

Time Expression

next week

下下(个)星期

xià gè yuè

L7

Time Expression

next month

 

下个月

xiān

L8

Adverb

first

先HSK1

xiǎng

L6

Verb

to think/want

想HSK1

xiāngdāng

L3

Adverb

fairly

相当HSK1

xiànzài

L6

Time Expression

presently, now [now-at]

现在HSK1

xiǎoshí

L8

Time Expression

hour [small-time], another variation to

小时HSK2

Xiàtiān

L7

Noun

Summer [Summer-Day]

夏天

夏(HSK3)

xiàwǔ

L7

Time Expression

denotes time period of 1pm – sunset

下午HSK1

xiàxià gè xīngqī

L7

Time Expression

the week after next week

下下个星期

xiàxià gè yuè

L7

Time Expression

the month after next month

下下个月

xiè.xie

L5

Expression

thank

谢谢HSK1

xǐ.huan

L4

Verb

to like [happy-glad]

喜欢HSK1

xīn

L5

Adjectival Verb

be new

姓HSK2

xíng

L4

Adjectival Verb

Ok, be satisfactory

xìng

L4

Noun/

Verb

family name/

to be surnamed

姓HSK2

xīngqī

L7

Time Expression

week [star-period]

星期HSK1

Xiōngdì- jiěmèi

L5

Noun

siblings [elder brother, little brother, elder sister, little sister]

兄弟姐妹

兄弟(HSK5)

xīwàng

L8

Verb

to hope [hope-look forward to]

希望HSK2

xué

L5

Verb

to learn

xuéshēng

L4

Noun

student [learn-student]

学生HSK1

xuéxiào

L5

Noun

school [learn-school]

学校HSK1

Y

Pinyin

In

Type

Meaning

Chinese Character

yánsè

L8

Noun

Colour

颜色HSK2

yào

L5

 

L7

Verb

 

Adverb

to want

 

going to

要HSK2

L3

Adverb

also

也HSK2

yé.ye

L4

Noun

grandfather (paternal)

爷爷HSK3

L4

Number

one

一HSK1

L5

Number

100 million

亿HSK5

yī bǎi wàn

L5

Number

one million (one hundred wàn)

一百万

yīgòng

L8

Expression

altogether [one-total]

一共HSK3

yǐhòu

L8

Time Expression

in the future

以后

yīn.wèi

L5

Conjunction

because

因为HSK2

Yīngguó

L5

Noun

United Kingdom

英国

Yīngwén

L5

Noun

English language [English-language]

英文

yīnyuè

L8

Noun

music [sound-music]

音乐HSK3

yīqǐ

L7

Expression

together [one-start]

一起HSK2

yǐqián

L8

Time Expression

in the past

以前HSK3

yīyàng

L8

Expression

same [one-pattern]

一样HSK3

yǒu

L4

Verb

to have

有HSK1

L6

Noun

fish

鱼HSK2

yuán

L6

Noun

Chinese dollar (formal expression)

元HSK3

yuē

L7

Verb

to meet someone/to make an appointment

yuè

L7

Time

Expression

Month [moon]

月HSK1

yùyuē

L8

Verb

to make an appointment in advance [advance-appointment]

预约

Z

 

Pinyin

 

In

Type

Meaning

Chinese

Character

zài

L7

Verb

to be at a place/be present

在HSK1

zàijiàn

L3

Expression

Goodbye [again-see]

再见HSK1

zǎo

L5

Adjectival Verb

be early

zǎocān

L4

Noun

breakfast [early-meal]

早餐

zǎo.shang

L3

L7

Time

Expression

denotes time period of sunrise – 9am

早上HSK2

zǎo.shang hǎo

L3

Expression

Good Morning [morning-good]

早上好

zěnmeyàng?

 

L7

Expression

How/how was it? [how-that]

怎么样HSK1

zhāng

L4

Classifier

classifier for sheet or something that has flat surface. Examples are paper, ticket, map, table etc.

张HSK3

zhǎo

L6

Verb

to look for

找HSK2

zhè/zhèi

 

L3

L4

Demonstrative Pronoun

this

这HSK1

zhèi.(ge) xīngqī

 

L7

Time

Expression

this week

这(个)星期

zhèi.ge yuè

L7

Time

Expression

this month

这个月

zhēn

L4

Adverb

really, truly

真HSK2

zhī

L4

Classifier

classifier for long, hard cylindrical items such as pen, stick, rod etc.

支HSK5

zhǐ

L8

Adverb

only

只HSK3

zhīdào

L6

Verb

to know about something

[to know-to speak]

 

知道HSK2

zhōng

L8

Noun

clock

Zhōngguó

L3

Noun

China [middle-country]

中国HSK1

Zhōngguóren

L3

Noun

Chinese [China-person]

中国人

zhōngtóu 

L8

Time Expression

hour [literally clock-head i.e. the 12 hour mark on the clock which is like the head and symbolises the hour, another variation to xiǎoshí]

钟头

Zhōngwén

L5

Noun

Chinese language  [Chinese – language]

中文

zhōngwǔ

L7

Time

Expression

denotes time period of 11am – 1pm

中午HSK1

zhuō.zi

L4

Noun

table

桌子HSK3

zǒu

L8

Verb

to go, walk

走HSK2

zuótiān

L7

Time Expres-sion

yesterday

昨天HSK1